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La Lanterne des Morts de Saint Pierre | Oléron Plage - TOP sorties à l'île d'Oléron

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Lanterne-des-morts-saint-pierre-oleron-2

La Lanterne des Morts de Saint Pierre

On peut ne pas y prêter attention, mais la Lanterne des Morts de Saint Pierre est l’un des plus remarquables édifices de l’île d’Oléron.

Les Tours des Morts sont des édifices édifiés au Moyen Age aux alentours du XIIe siècle. Ces monuments sont principalement répandus dans le centre-ouest de la France. La Lanterne des Morts de Saint Pierre d’Oléron se distingue de ses consœurs par sa taille. Du haut de ses 23.40m, cette imposante tour octogonale est le plus haut monument de genre en France.

Lanterne-des-morts-saint-pierre-oleron

Plusieurs hypothèses ont été émises quant au rôle assuré par la Lanterne des Morts dans le passé : phare destinés à guider les voyageurs égarés, monument annonçant un cimetière, fanal permettant aux morts de quitter leurs tombes pour hanter les vivants durant la nuit…

Toutefois, il est vraisemblable que les lanternes aient été des fanaux funéraires. Dès l’Antiquité, il était de tradition d’entretenir une flamme auprès des tombes. Cette coutume fut reprise par les premiers chrétiens pour qui la mort n’est qu’un passage de la lumière terrestre vers la lumière céleste. Les tombeaux s’ornèrent de bougies. Elles furent ensuite remplacées par une bougie de pierre, plus solide, résistante aux intempéries : la lanterne des morts.

Contrairement à ce qu’on pourrait croire, toutes les Lanternes des Morts ne se ressemblent pas. Elles peuvent prendre différentes formes: cylindrique, carrée, hexagonale, polygonale ou colonne. Elles peuvent également surmonter une chapelle, comme c’est le cas à Fontevraud l’Abbaye (Maine-et-Loire, dept49)

Pour plus d’information sur les lanternes des morts du Poitou-Charentes, visitez le blog «ESLA ou ailleurs »

Sources : Wikipédia , Die Riß,  ESLA ou ailleurs

 

D’autres Lanternes de La Mort

 

lanterne-des-morts-Pranzac-Charente

Lanterne des morts Pranzac Charente Crédit photo: ESLA ou ailleurs

 

 

lanterne-des-morts-coussac-bonneval-limousin

Lanterne des morts coussac bonneval limousin, Crédit photo: ESLA ou ailleurs

lanterne-des-morts-fontevraud-labbaye

Lanterne des morts fontevraud l’abbaye, Crédit photo Francis CAHUZAC

 

 

 

Lanterne .jpeg Source : http://gerval2.free.fr/lanterne49fontevraudlabbaye.htm

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