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Fort et batteries des Saumonards | Oléron Plage - TOP sorties à l'île d'Oléron

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Fort et batteries des Saumonards

Sur la route de la Plage des Saumonards vous passerez devant plusieurs éléments fortifiés. Un premier se trouve à l’entrée même de la route menant à la Plage.

Un autre se trouve en fin de parcours, il est beaucoup plus imposant, et je dirais même «intriguant ». Certes, nous sommes un peu habitué à voir des Bunkers un peu partout sur l’île mais là, cette fortification est différente. La batterie des Saumonards est entourée de fossés et présente une cour centrale, une façade en pierre de taille et des canonnières.

Je me suis longtemps demandé l’histoire de ce lieu. Et bien la voici. Merci à www.patrimoine-de-france.orghttp://www.patrimoine-de-france.org

En 1701 sont établies, probablement par l’ingénieur Ferry, des batteries limitées à de simples épaulements. En 1811 est installée en guise de réduit, une tour restée inachevée en 1815 ; de 1850 à 1855 l’ouvrage est transformé en ouvrage fermé et la tour réduit est intégrée comme caponnière de gorge. En 1879 est édifié à l’extérieur, au nord-ouest, la batterie annexée des Saumonards, puis peu après la batterie de mortiers des Saumonards et la redoute de Beauregard pour assurer la défense arrière ; vers 1890, en raison de la crise de l’obus torpille, sont construits, à la batterie annexe et à la batterie de Mortiers, des magasins à poudre en béton spécial.  Appelée fort la Galissonnière, la batterie des Saumonards est l’objet de projets de remaniements non aboutis ; aucun ouvrage n’est ajouté pendant l’occupation après laquelle le fort devient colonie de vacances tandis que la redoute de Beauregard et la batterie de Mortiers sont aliénés à des particuliers après, semble-t-il, destruction sur place du matériel.

Batteries des saumonards

vue aerienne du fort des saumonards

vue aerienne fort des saumonards

Merci à cette superbe photo aérienne de Vent d’Ouest

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